Bluetooth with Xamarin Mac

I’ve been working on adding macOS support to 32feet.NET and there are two frameworks in macOS for Classic Bluetooth – IOBluetooth and IOBluetoothUI. I soon discovered that neither of these had bindings in the standard Xamarin.Mac package which is referenced by all Xamarin Mac applications. I decided to build binding libraries for both APIs and publish the code as part of 32feet.NET. This means you can either use the IOBluetooth lower-level APIs yourself or later use the platform-agnostic 32feet API.

Today I’ve published the first release of the InTheHand.IOBluetoothUI package. There are fewer APIs than IOBluetooth and I’ve already begun the manual process of simplifying and making it more “.NET friendly”. There is also documentation to add, though even Apple’s documentation on IOBluetooth is rather thin at best…

These are by no means final and there will be changes to the APIs as names are cleaned up and more is tested and fixed. If you’d like to try them in your projects please let me know your feedback via GitHub. Those NuGet packages are:-


Bluetooth from Unity

An ongoing issue with 32feet.NET is that it wouldn’t work inside Unity. The reason is that the System.Net.Sockets classes behave slightly differently in the Mono runtime to the desktop .NET framework and you can’t create a Socket using the Bluetooth specific address family.

In order to work around the issue it was necessary to P/Invoke into the native winsock functions, essentially rebuilding a subset of the Socket class. In parallel to this work I’ve been rebuilding 32feet with a more modern API which is less tied to Sockets (primarily just used on desktop Windows) and able to map onto a range of platforms. Another big change for this version is support for Bluetooth LE alongside classic Rfcomm on supported platform. Currently this library supports Xamarin Android and iOS along with UWP, Windows desktop .NET 4.6 and Mono .NET 2.0 for Unity. I’m working on a macOS implementation too. The API is essentially designed to be a more friendly version of the UWP API. In order to support such an old version of .NET, the Unity version is entirely synchronous whereas most of the API is normally async.

In order to test this I wrote a very simple script for Unity which picks a specific paired device, connects to a serial port service over Rfcomm and sends a string. Yes that’s right I have a 3d game that I can print from!

This is currently in preview (but available on NuGet now). There is a lot still to finish including generating the documentation. I’m hoping for some useful feedback, particularly on the Unity work but also any of the other current platforms. Feel free to join in the discussions on GitHub.

Xamarin Release 7 Moved my Cheese/Apple

I have a Xamarin project which outputs Windows, iOS and Android apps. Since the latest Xamarin update I just couldn’t get it to build my IPA file. It told me to check the project configuration – I haven’t changed the configuration and it all looks fine…

When the project was created several Solution configurations were created – AppStore, AdHoc along with the usual Release/Debug. This was always a pain as you’d have to switch from Release to AppStore to build the iOS version for release. It turns out what has changed in this release is that Release now builds a store-ready IPA file and the AppStore configuration is now broken (and therefore redundant). By switching to Release I was able to build and submit a signed IPA to the store. The only other change is that IPA files are now output into timestamped subfolders on the build machine. You can use the “Show IPA file on Build Server” to display the actual location in Finder.

Xamarin Forms Password Entry on Windows Runtime

Xamarin Forms doesn’t have a specific PasswordBox control – instead you use the Entry (Think TextBox) and set IsPassword to true. Normally this works as expected and provides a masked entry box. However there is a known issue on Windows Runtime (Phone and Desktop) where AutoSuggest and Auto Capitalisation are not disabled for a Password field. Luckily there is a workaround which is to set the input keyboard to Email. The small side effect is the addition of a “.com” button to the keyboard but it will stop the control capitalising the first letter or showing suggestions based on what you are typing. I added the following code behind:-

if(Device.OS == TargetPlatform.Windows)
   txtPassword.Keyboard = Keyboard.Email;

This issue doesn’t affect Silverlight apps (TargetPlatform.WinPhone) and I decided not to set the keyboard on other platforms as they work correctly with the default keyboard.

.NET 4.6 and DateTime extras

In case you missed it there is a great blog post on .NET 4.6 which is a part of Windows 10. Among the various performance and Hi-DPI improvements there are some more subtle enhancements. Perhaps as a nod to Microsoft’s new openness to other platforms there are some helper methods on DateTimeOffset for converting to and from UNIX times. These are represented as the number of seconds since 00:00 on the 1st of January 1970. I’d already come across situations where I needed this and had written a couple of simple conversion methods. They come in useful when doing interop with Android APIs for example. Why not match the .NET 4.6 API I thought so slightly tweaked them and put them in a Gist here:-

Windows Phone 8.1 Support in Xamarin Forms

Recently Xamarin Forms has been expanded to support Windows Phone 8.1 and Windows 8.1. There are instructions online for adding a Windows Phone 8.1 app to your solution and plugging it all together here:-

However there is a small omission which will lead to a build error – #6 tells you to remove the PhonePage base class from your MainPage definition but you actually need to replace it with:-

public sealed partial class MainPage : Xamarin.Forms.Platform.WinRT.WindowsPhonePage

WindowsPhonePage contains the LoadApplication method which you add in #7.

The instructions for Windows 8.1 require the same tweak except using WindowsPage instead of WindowsPhonePage