Talking to Printers

Recently I’ve been working with a selection of Bluetooth printers. During this work I’ve noticed an odd thing about the UWP Bluetooth APIs. It’s all about the Class of Device. These are a set of defined device types and are categorised into major and minor classes. For example a Printer has a Major class of Imaging and a Minor class of Printer. In the raw form the class of device is a bitmask and the bits reserved for the major class define the behaviour of the rest of the bits. The UWP API exposes a BluetoothClassOfDevice class and this has two properties – MajorClass and MinorClass and each uses an Enumeration. The interesting thing with this approach is that the MinorClass values overlap but have different meanings depending on the major class. There are already multiple fields with the same value – ComputerDesktop, PhoneCellular and PeripheralJoystick for example. For whatever reason all of the Imaging minor classes are missing – they all pre-date the original WinRT codebase so really should have been included.

I created a gist to pull together my helper method and enum to make identifying printers a little easier. I created an extension method to return the correct minor class when you identify a device with a major class of imaging:-